Bismillahir rahmanir rahim,
I never paid much attention to Russian holidays since they all seem to share something in common - they have something to do with the so-yesterday Russian communism. But, a curious groupmate's question to our Russian Language teacher last week about 4th Nov. sparked a mild interest. She told us that what she's telling is not known to many ignorant Russians.
1917 : Russian Revolution
Russian Revolution is a collective name for two revolutions in 1917:
- At that time, the Russians were still using Julian calendar which was about-a-month late than the Gregorian calendar. So, according to the Gregorian calendar which we are using now, the February Revolution was actually happening on March.
- Russia was in chaos due to World War I, harsh winter, famine, bankruptcy and what-nots.
- Mikhail Rodzianko - Chairman of Duma (Russian Parliament) telegrammed the last tsar: The capital is in chaos. The government is unable to act; the transport service is broken down; the food and fuel supplies are completely disorganised. There is wild shooting on the streets. It is urgent that a new government is formed. There must be no delay. Hesitation is fatal.
- The tsar wrote to his wife : Again, that fat-bellied Rodzianko has written me a load of nonsense, which I won't even bother to answer.
- On March 1, the tsar took a train to Petrogad aka St Petersburg to see his family after knowing that his children had contracted measles.
- On his way, his train was 'hijacked' by a group of disloyal troop, and the tsar was suggested in unison to abdicate his throne.
- On March 2, the tsar did abdicate his throne and was reunited with his family and later, was placed under house arrest.
- After this abdication, Russia was no longer led by the tsar, but instead the Russian Provisional Government.
- Again, October Revolution was actually happening in November
- To cut things really short, October Revolution is all about the Bolsheviks overthrown the newly-formed Russian Provisional Government
- Precisely, this revolution took place on 7th November 1917
- Russia has changed from a communist country to capitalism
- In order to satisfied those highly-resistant hard-die-fan of communism which mostly are the elderlies, the celebration of Bolshevik Revolution is still continued. Besides the elderlies, it wouldn't be a surprise if there are young people favoring communism over capitalism. Capitalism or communism, Russia is never a prosper country. For some, communism is much better because the money are shared equally among all.
- However, to down-tone the 'communism-ity' of the celebration (since they are now a capitalist country which is trying very hard to erase their 'dark history' of communism), they make it on Nov 4, instead of Nov 7
- Of course the change of the date would enrage some of the people. But, the government outsmarts the citizens even better:
- since they are making it a public holiday, the Russians are likely to spend the holiday with their family rather than joining any rallies
- it is November, and the temperature is diving down near 0. Anyone would has a second thought before joining any rallies
- and lastly, the government said : Do you know what? Actually.. Hundreds years ago, on Nov 4, we won the battle against Poland.. Many had forgotten.. So, let's remember!
The Polish-Muscovite War happened about 400 years ago and all the babusyka, dedusyka of Communists' hard-die-fans are left dumbfounded - they were all whining about a revolution happening just 100-years ago but the government diverted the issue to a war happening 400-YEARS ago which they hardly ever heard before!!! ;P